Scholarship Test                                                               

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English Test
25 Questions

Part One: Grammar/Parts of Speech
1. A sentence needs a _______________ and ______________________ to be complete.

    a) Noun and a pronoun
    b) Proper noun and an action verb
    c) Subject and a verb
    d) Subject and an object
 

2. A ______________ is a word that stands in place of a noun.

    a) Article
    b) Pronoun
    c) Adverb
    d) Adjective
 

3. Identify the subject of the following sentence:
    "Turn off the light"
    a) Turn
    b) You (Implied)
    c) Off
    d) Light
 

4. Identify the prepositional phrase(s) in the following sentence:
    "In the town, the girls in bright dresses walk down the street"
    a) In the town, in bright dresses, down the street
    b) In the town, in bright dresses
    c) Walk down the street
    d) The girls in bright dresses
 

5. Which of the following is not a coordinating conjunction?

    a) For
    b) And
    c) Because
    d) Nor
 

6. A comma splice is:

    a) When a writer adds a comma where one is not needed anywhere in a sentence
    b) When a comma is used incorrectly to join two independent clauses
    c) When a comma is used inside a set of quotation marks
    d) None of the above
 

7. A run-on sentence is:

    a) A very long sentence which leads to reader confusion
    b) A sentence that always goes on and on
    c) A sentence in which two independent clauses are joined incorrectly with no punctuation
    d) A sentence with too many commas
 

8. A compound sentence:

    a) Always contains a semicolon
    b) Consists of two or more independent clauses joined together with a comma and a coordinating conjunction
    c) Both A and B
    d) Neither A nor B
 



Part Two: Essay Development/The Writing Process

9. Which of the following should be avoided in an essay written for a broad audience?

    a) Jargon
    b) Analogies
    c) Both A and B
    d) Neither A nor B
 

10. What is a thesis statement?

    a) The main/controlling idea of a piece of writing
    b) A statement the essay is going to support
    c) Both A and B
    d) Neither A nor B
 

11. Which is not an established pre-writing technique?

    a) Brainstorming
    b) Clustering
    c) Freewriting
    d) Pencil dancing
 

12. The sentence which establishes the main idea for a paragraph is known as the:

    a) Supporting sentence
    b) Closing sentence
    c) Topic sentence
    d) Clarity sentence
 


13. An introductory paragraph:

    a) Should catch the reader’s attention
    b) Should draw the reader into the essay
    c) Must always contain a thesis statement
    d) Both A and B
 

14. A _____________________ allows one idea/paragraph to flow smoothly into the next.

    a) Modifier
    b) Antecedent
    c) Thesis statement
    d) Transition
 

Part Three: Documentation and Research
15. A well-established documentation format, APA stands for:

    a) Always Practice Anonymity
    b) American Psychological Association
    c) American Pharmaceutical Association
    d) Advanced Placement Activities
 

16. When using APA style, sources should be documented:

    a) In-text only
    b) On the reference page only
    c) Both in-text and on the reference page
    d) Neither in-text nor on the reference page
 

17. Identify the correct APA in-text citation:

    a) (Bill Jones, 2009, p. 112)
    b) (B. Jones, 2009, p. 112)
    c) (Jones, 2009, p. 112)
    d) (Jones, October 4, 2009, p. 112)
 

18. When writing a research paper, common knowledge:

    a) Does need to be cited
    b) Does not need to be cited
    c) Should not be used because it isn’t valid
    d) Is more valid than scholarly research
 

19. What purpose does an abstract serve?

    a) It provides a summary of the essay/report which follows
    b) It contains a complete list of works cited
    c) Both A and B
    d) Neither A nor B
 

Part Four: Reading Comprehension
Please carefully read the following passage and answer the questions which follow.
Now that the old family-run corner grocery is almost extinct, many people are banding together to form their own neighborhood stores as food cooperatives. Locally owned by their members, food co-ops such as the one here in Fort Collins are welcome alternatives to the impersonal chain-store markets such as Lane Grocer. In exchange for volunteering a few hours each month, co-op members share savings and a friendly experience while they shop; local producers gain loyal, local support from the members as well as better prices for their goods in return for providing the freshest, purest food possible.

20. Which does the writer prefer?

    a) Chain stores
    b) Co-ops
    c) Farmers’ markets
    d) Local delis
 


21. According to this selection, a co-op is:

    a) A massive retailer
    b) A discount store
    c) A wholesale warehouse
    d) A locally owned and operated store
 


22. Co-op members:

    a) Save money
    b) Get fresher foods
    c) Neither A nor B
    d) Both A and B
 


Please carefully read the following passage and answer the questions which follow.

One of the most heated controversies in athletics centers on the use of anabolic steroids. Behind the dispute is the evidence that steroids pose a health hazard. They are linked to cardiovascular disease, liver disorders, and cancerous tumors. In addition, there is evidence that they cause personality aberrations. Still, an alarming number of athletes are willing to risk their health for the enhanced performance steroids provide—and it is not hard to understand why.
First of all, many athletes are so blinded by the obvious benefits of steroid use that they fail to note their adverse effects. They are so focused on the increased strength, stamina, and size that result from steroid use they may overlook abuse their bodies are sustaining—often until it is too late. That is, athletes who are delighting in turning in the best performance of their lives are not likely to think about future deleterious effects. This is the same psychology that keeps the nicotine addict smoking three packs a day, until the X ray shows the lung cancer is so advanced that nothing can be done.
Some athletes rationalize steroid use another way. They claim that anabolic steroids pose no greater health hazard than participation in such contact sports as football, boxing, and wresting. However, these athletes fail to understand that in addition to harming the body, steroids also heighten the danger of contact sports by making the participants larger and stronger, thereby increasing their momentum and impact.


23. Many athletes rationalize steroid use by arguing:

    a) Steroids make athletes more competitive
    b) Steroids aren’t harmful
    c) Steroids are legal in many other countries
    d) The effects of steroid use and abuse are short term, not long term.
 


24. The writer compares steroid use to:

    a) Alcohol addition
    b) Nicotine addiction
    c) Both A and B
    d) Neither A nor B
 


25. Within the context of the rest of the sentence, “aberrations” most closely means:

    a) Loss
    b) Improvement
    c) A departure from the normal
    d) An enhancement of given circumstances